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Cleaning Fresh Crabs

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Category: Seafood, Chinese

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Here's what Ken Hom has to say about cleaning fresh crabs. Just one
point that he overlooks... I can't bring myself to cook or dismember
a live animal. In another book it says that a crab can be killed
instantly and painlessly by stabbing through the shell just behind
the eyes.

Cracking and Cleaning a Live Crab

As soon as a crab (or any shellfish) is killed, it starts to lose
flavor. To preserve the full freshness and taste, crab must be cut up
just before cooking. Once you eat crab prepared this way, you will
never want to go back to precooked crab. The texture and flavor are
worlds apart. West Coast Dungeness crab, used here, is meatier and
sweeter than the blue crabs caught in eastern waters. Their
structures are identical, however, so the technique is the same for
both. To keep from getting pinched, hold the crab from the back or
wear thick gloves. The cracked and cleaned crab pieces can be
stir-fried or steamed. If you can't imagine yourself cutting up a
live crab, steam it for 5 minutes first then cut it up as described
here.

[The following steps are illustrated with photos in the book, but I
think you'll be able to get the idea. S.C.]

1. Always hold the crab at the back to avoid the large pincers.

2. Twist off the large pincers. Then break off the rest of the
smaller legs. Scrub the shells clean under running water.

3. Pull the large top shell off the crab in one piece. Set it aside.

4. Pull off the feathery lungs and rinse the crab's body clean under
running water.

5. On the bottom of the crab, find the "tail", a piece of shell that
is folded against the crab's bottom. Pull this tail away from the
body.

6. Removing the tail exposes the inside of the crab. Rinse it out.

7. In the large shell, near the mouth, there is a small dark sac.
Remove it with a spoon, being careful not to break it. Don't remove
the yellowish-brown "crab butter" from the shell, which has a rich
flavor.

8. Cut the body in quarters.

9. Crack the claws by tapping them with a cleaver, or by placing a
cleaver on top of the claw and hitting the back of the cleaver with
the heel of the hand. [Place the cleaver's flat side on top of the
claw. S.C.]

10. Cut the tips off the legs.

11. Crack the legs one by one. Turn each leg so that the edge is up,
enabling you to tap the shell with the side of a cleaver just hard
enough to crack the shell, but not so hard as to crush the fragile
meat.

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