• Prep Time:
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  • Serves: 1 Pizza

Pizza Dough and Variations

  • Recipe Submitted by on

Category: Italian, Main Dish, Breads

 Ingredients List

  • -------------------------------STANDARD DOUGH-------------------------------
  • 1 tb Granulated sugar
  • 1 c Warm water, 110-115 deg F
  • 1/4 oz (1 envelope) active dry
  • -yeast
  • 3 1/4 c Bread, semolina, or unbleach
  • -all-purpose flour, or a
  • -combination
  • 1 ts Salt
  • 1/4 c Olive oil, preferrably
  • -extra virgin


1 tb Sugar or honey
1 1/4 c Warm water as above
1 Envelope yeast
1 1/4 c Unbleached all-purpose flour
2 c Whole-wheat flour
1 ts Salt
1/4 c Olive oil as above, or
-vegetable oil

1 tb Sugar
1 c Warm water as above
1 Envelope yeast
2 1/4 c Unbleached all-purpose or
-semolina flour
1 c Yellow cornmeal or polenta
1 ts Salt
1/4 c Olive oil or vegetable oil

1 c Warm water as above
1 Envelope yeast
3 1/4 c Unbleached all-purpose flour
1/2 ts Salt

In a small bowl, dissolve the sugar or honey in warm tap water that is
110-115 deg F. (When making the New York Variation, omit the sugar and
proceed as follows). Sprinkle the yeast over the water and stir gently
until it dissolves, about 1 minute. Let stand in a warm spot until a thin
layer of foam covers the surface, about 5 minutes. Discard mixture and
start over if bubbles have not formed within 5 minutes.

If making whole-wheat dough, combine the 2 flours in a bowl and use as the
flour in the directions that follow.

If making the cornmeal dough, combine the flour and cornmeal in a bowl and
use the mixture as the flour in the directions that follow.

To mix and knead the dough by hand: Combine 3 cups of the flour with the
salt in a large mixing bowl. Make a well in the center of the flour and
pour in the yeast mixture and the oil, if using. Using a wooden spoon,
vigorously stir the flour into the well, beginning in the center, and
working toward the sides of the bowl, until the flour is incorporated and
the soft dough just begins to hold together.

Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured surface. Dust your hands with
flour and knead the dough gently in the following manner: press down on the
dough with the heels of your hands and push it away from you, then
partially fold it back over itself. Shift it a quarter turn and repeat the
procedure. While kneading, very gradually add just enough of the remaining
1/4 c flour until the dough is no longer sticky or tacky. This should take
about 5 minutes. As you work, use a metal dough scraper to pry up any bits
of dough that stick to the work surface. Continue kneading until the dough
is smooth, elastic, and springy. Too much kneading overdevelops the gluten
in the flour and results in a tough crust.

After mixing and kneading the dough, shape the dough into a ball and place
it in a well-oiled bowl, turning to coat completely on all sides with oil.
Cover the bowl tightly with plastic wrap to prevent moisture loss and set
to rise in a draft-free warm place (75-85 deg F) until doubled in bulk,
about 45 minutes for quick rising yeast to 1 - 1.5 hours for regular yeast.

With your fist, punch down the dough as soon as it has doubled in bulk to
prevent overrising. Shape it into a ball, pressing out all the air bubbles.
If you are using bread flour or semolina flour, turn the dough in an oiled
bowl to coat once more, cover again with plastic wrap and refrigerate it
until puffy, from 35 minutes to 1 hour. Omit this step if using all-purpose

If you cannot bake pizza withing 2 hours after rising, punch the dough down
again, turn it in an oiled bowl to coat once more, cover the bowl tightly
with plastic wrap and refrigerate. The dough can be punched down a total of
4 times and kept refrigerated up to 36 hours before the yeast is exhausted
and the dough unusable. Let chilled dough come to room temperature before

Excerpted from the book, _Pizza_, by James McNair. Chapter includes
instructions on dough-making with a food processor and professional mixing

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